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Windows Mobile

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Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, Portable Media Centers, and on-board computers for certain automobiles. It is designed to be somewhat similar to desktop versions of Windows feature-wise and aesthetically. Additionally, third-party software development is available for Windows Mobile. Originally appearing as the Pocket PC 2000 operating system, Windows Mobile has been updated several times, and a new release is scheduled for a 2008 release.[1]

Common features

Windows Mobile for Pocket PC carries these standard features in most of its versions:

Today Screen shows the current date, owner information, upcoming appointments, e-mail messages, and tasks. Users can customize the screen by selecting what information they wish to be displayed. It also includes the notification bar which includes icons to notify the status of Bluetooth, etc. Programs can be installed which adds extra items to the Today screen. One of these is Microsoft Money for Pocket PC. The background image can be customised directly through the Pocket PC, or themes can be created and synchronized onto the Pocket PC.

The taskbar shows the current time, the volume, and the connectivity status. When a program or message box is open the blank space after the clock is filled with an OK or close icon. The main feature of the taskbar is the Start Button, which is designed similarly to the Start Button which features on desktop versions of Windows. The Start Menu features recently opened programs at the top, nine customizable menu entries, and links to the program, settings, find (search), and help.

Office Mobile a suite of Mobile versions of Microsoft Office applications is included in Windows Mobile. It includes Word Mobile, Excel Mobile and PowerPoint Mobile (included since Windows Mobile 5.0). These versions include many of the features which are used in desktop versions, but some other features like inserting tables and images have not been included in pre 5.0 versions. ActiveSync has capabilities which convert desktop versions of files to Office Mobile compatible versions.

Outlook mobile comes with Windows Mobile. This includes tasks, calendar, contacts, and inbox that can be sync'ed either with Outlook or direct with an Exchange Server or Kerio MailServer (internet connection is required for this method). POP3 or IMAP4 access can also be used. Microsoft Outlook for desktop versions is sometimes included in a value-added CD-ROM which is included with the Pocket PC hardware manufacturer.

Windows Media Player for Windows Mobile is bundled with the Windows Mobile software. Currently, all new Windows Mobile 6 Devices include Version 10.3 (Build 15342) of the player. For Older devices, Version 10 is available for download for only specified devices — these include devices from the Dell Axim range. The player supports .WMA, .WMV, .MP3, and .AVI files. Currently MPEG files are not supported, and a third-party program must be downloaded to play these, and WAV files are played in a separate player. Some versions are also capable of playing .M4A audio.

Client for PPTP VPNs.

Hardware platforms

Windows Mobile runs on multiple hardware platforms including Pocket PC, Smartphone, Portable Media Center, and Automobiles. These hardware platforms did not always exist from the inception of Windows Mobile.

A Pocket PC

A Smartphone

A Portable Media Center

Pocket PC

Main article: Pocket PC

The Pocket PC was the original intended platform for the Windows Mobile operating system. These devices consisted of both standalone Pocket PC devices without mobile phone capabilities, and those that included mobile phone capabilities. The most current name of Windows Mobile intended for use on Pocket PCs is officially "Windows Mobile 6 Professional" for devices with mobile phone capabilities, and "Windows Mobile 6 Classic" for devices without mobile phone capabilities.

Smartphone

Main article: Smartphone

The Smartphone became the next hardware platform after the Pocket PC to run Windows Mobile, and debuted with the release of Pocket PC 2002. Although in the broad sense of the term "Smartphone", both Pocket PC phones and Microsoft branded Smartphones each fit into this category, it should be noted that Microsoft's use of the term "Smartphone" includes only more specific hardware devices that differ from Pocket PC phones. Such Smartphones were originally designed without touchscreens, intended to be operated more efficiently with only one hand, and typically had lower resolution displays than Pocket PCs. Microsoft's focus for the Smartphone platform was to create a device that functioned well as a phone and data device in a more integrated manner.[2] The current name of Windows Mobile intended for use on Smartphones is officially "Windows Mobile 6 Standard".

Portable Media Center

Main article: Portable Media Center

The Portable Media Center was a device that focused on integration with Microsoft's Windows Media Center and Windows Media Player to allow users to carry their media libraries with them on the go. The Portable Media Center was officially introduced in 2004, and ran a modified version of Windows Mobile. These devices became the predecessor to Microsoft's Zune, and after 2006 Microsoft discontinued the project in favor of the latter.

Automobiles

"Windows Mobile for Automotive" is the name for Microsoft's operating system that facilitates multiple functions in automobiles including communication, entertainment, information systems.[3] Windows Mobile for use in automobiles is the latest platform for the operating system, and was introduced by Microsoft in February of 2006 at the Geneva International Motor Show.[4] Windows Mobile for Automotive comes in two different versions. The Basic version includes a Bluetooth connectivity and USB interface for music playback. The Standard version includes this also, but additionally it features a built-in GPS, GSM phone, and security features. The Windows Mobile for Automotive hardware specification includes a 300 Mhz ARM processor, 32 MB of RAM, and a microphone.[3]

Versions

Pocket PC 2000

Typical Pocket PC 2000 Today Screen.Pocket PC 2000, originally codenamed "Rapier"[5], was released in April of 2000, and was based on Windows CE 3.0. It was the debut of what was later dubbed the Windows Mobile operating system, and meant to be a successor to the operating system aboard Palm-Size PCs. Backwards compatibility was retained with such Palm-Size PC applications. Pocket PC 2000 was intended mainly for Pocket PC devices, however several Palm-Size PC devices had the ability to be updated as well. In addition, several Pocket PC 2000 phones were released, however the Smartphone hardware platform was not yet created. The only resolution supported by this release was 240 x 320 (QVGA). Removable storage card formats that were supported were CompactFlash and MultiMediaCard. At this time Pocket PC devices had not been standardized with a specific CPU architecture. As a result, Pocket PC 2000 was released on multiple CPU architectures; SH-3, MIPS, and ARM.

Aesthetically, the original Pocket PC operating system was similar to Windows 98, Windows ME, and Windows 2000 operating systems.

Features/built-in applications for Pocket PC 2000 included the following:[6]

Pocket Office

Pocket Word

Pocket Excel

Pocket Outlook

Pocket Internet Explorer

Windows Media Player

Microsoft Reader

Microsoft Money

Notes, a note taking application

Character recognition support

Infrared (IR) File beaming capability

Pocket PC 2002

Typical Pocket PC 2002 Today Screen.Pocket PC 2002, originally codenamed "Merlin"[5], was released in October 2001. Like Pocket PC 2000, it was powered by Windows CE 3.0. Although targeted mainly for 240 × 320 (QVGA) Pocket PC devices, Pocket PC 2002 was also used for Pocket PC phones, and for the first time, Smartphones.[7] These Pocket PC 2002 Smartphones were mainly GSM devices. With future releases, the Pocket PC and Smartphone lines would increasingly collide as the licensing terms were relaxed allowing OEMs to take advantage of more innovative, individual design ideas. Aesthetically, Pocket PC 2002 was meant to be similar in design to the then newly released Windows XP.

New features/built-in applications included the following:[8][9][10][11]

Enhanced UI with theme support

Spell checker and Word count tool in Pocket Word

Savable downloads and WAP in Pocket Internet Explorer

Virtual Private Networking support

Synchronization of folders

MSN Messenger

Terminal Services

Windows Media Player 8 with streaming capability

Microsoft Reader 2

Palm OS support for file beaming

Improved Pocket Outlook

Digital rights management (DRM) support in Microsoft Reader

Windows Mobile 2003

Typical Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Today ScreenWindows Mobile 2003, originally codenamed "Ozone"[5], was released on June 23 2003, and was the first release under the Windows Mobile banner. It came in four editions: "Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Premium Edition", "Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Professional Edition", "Windows Mobile 2003 for Smartphone" and "Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Phone Edition". The last was designed especially for Pocket PCs which include phone functionalities. The Professional Edition was used in Pocket PC budget models such as the iPAQ rz1700 series. It lacked a number of features that were in the Premium Edition, such as a client for L2TP/IPsec VPNs. Windows Mobile 2003 was powered by Windows CE 4.20.

New features/built-in applications included the following:[12]

Support for add-on keyboards

Enhanced communications interface with Bluetooth device management

Bluetooth file beaming support

Bluetooth headset support

Pictures application with viewing, cropping, e-mail, and beaming support

Jawbreaker game

Enhanced Pocket Outlook with vCard and vCal support

Improved Pocket Internet Explorer

Windows Media Player 9.0 with streaming optimization

SMS reply options for Phone Edition

MIDI file support as ringtones in Phone Edition

Windows Mobile 2003 SE

Windows Mobile 2003 Second Edition, also known as "Windows Mobile 2003 SE", was released on March 24 2004 and first offered on the Dell Axim x30.

New features/built-in applications included the following:

Portrait and Landscape switching for Pocket PCs

Single-Column layout in Pocket Internet Explorer

VGA (640×480), 240x240, and 480x480 Screen resolution

Wi-Fi Protected Access support

Windows Mobile 5.0

Typical Windows Mobile 5.0 for Pocket PC Today ScreenWindows Mobile 5.0, originally codenamed "Magneto"[5], was released at Microsoft's Mobile and Embedded Developers Conference 2005 in Las Vegas, May 9–May 12, 2005, and first offered on the Dell Axim x51. It was powered by Windows CE 5.0 and used the .NET Compact Framework 1.0 SP2 — an environment for programs based on .NET. Windows Mobile 5.0 included Microsoft Exchange Server "push" functionality improvements that worked with Exchange 2003 SP2.[13] The "push" functionality also required vendor/device support[14] With AKU2 software upgrades all WM 5.0 devices supported DirectPush. WM 5.0 featured increased battery life due to Persistent storage capability. Previously up to 50% (enough for 72 hours of storage) of battery power was reserved just to maintain data in volatile RAM. This continued the trend of Windows-based devices moving from using RAM as their primary storage medium to the use of flash memory. With Windows Mobile 5.0, OS updates were released as Adaptation kit upgrades. AKU3.5 is the most current release.

New features/built-in applications included the following:

A new version of Office called "Office Mobile"

PowerPoint Mobile

Graphing capability in Excel Mobile

Tables and graphics insertion in Word Mobile

Windows Media Player 10 Mobile

Photo Caller ID

DirectShow support

Picture and Video package, which converged the management of videos and pictures

Enhanced Bluetooth support

Global Positioning System (GPS) management interface

Microsoft Exchange Server "push" functionality improvements

Default QWERTY keyboard-support

Error reporting facility similar to that present in desktop and server Windows systems

ActiveSync 4.2 with 15% increased synchronization speed

Persistent storage (PS) support in Pocket PCs

Increased battery life

Windows Mobile 6

Typical Windows Mobile 6 Professional Today ScreenWindows Mobile 6, formerly codenamed "Crossbow"[5], is the latest version of Windows Mobile platform and was released on February 12, 2007 [15] at the 3GSM World Congress 2007. It comes in three different versions: "Windows Mobile 6 Standard" for Smartphones (phones without touchscreens), "Windows Mobile 6 Professional" for Pocket PCs with phone functionality, and "Windows Mobile 6 Classic" for Pocket PCs without cellular radios.[16]

Windows Mobile 6 is powered by Windows CE 5.0 (version 5.2) and is strongly linked to Windows Live and Exchange 2007 products. Windows Mobile 6 Standard was first offered on the Orange's SPV E650,[17] while Windows Mobile 6 Professional was first offered on the O2's Xda Terra.[18]

New features/built-in applications include the following:[19]

800x480 (WVGA) Screen resolution support

Office Mobile support for Smartphones

Operating System Live Update[20]

Improved Remote Desktop access[21](Available for only certain Pocket PCs)[22]

VoIP (Internet calling) support with AEC (Acoustic Echo Cancelling) and MSRT Audio Codec

Windows Live for Windows Mobile[23]

Customer Feedback option[24]

Enhanced Microsoft Bluetooth Stack

Storage Card Encryption

Smartfilter for searching within programs

Improved Internet Sharing

HTML Email support in Outlook Mobile

Search ability for contacts in an Exchange Server Address Book

AJAX, JavaScript, and XMLDOM support on Internet Explorer Mobile

Out of Office Replies with Microsoft Exchange 2007

Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA) support for select operators

Server Search on Microsoft Exchange 2007

.NET Compact Framework v2 SP2

Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Compact Edition

Office Mobile 2007 announced[25]

Future versions

Photon (2008)

Microsoft is currently working on an upgrade to the Windows Mobile platform codenamed Photon that will be powered by Windows Embedded CE 6.0. Leaked videos of devices running the software[26] show a new graphical interface. The software would merge both Smartphone and Pocket PC versions in one Windows Mobile version - the new interface optimized for both direct touch and button-based interaction, reducing stylus use. Microsoft Photon has been in development since the release of Windows Mobile 5 and is scheduled for release in the first half of 2008.[1]

Summary of Specs

Q4 ‘07 Release to manufacturers

Based on Windows Embedded CE 6.0

New, Flexible Shell

Modular Containers

Q1/Q2 ’08 Marketing Launch

Naming conventions

Pocket PC 2000 Pocket PC 2002 Windows Mobile 2003 Windows Mobile software for Portable Media Centers Windows Mobile 2003 SE Windows Mobile 5.0 Windows Mobile for Automotive 1.0 Windows Mobile 6

Pocket PC (Without Mobile Phone) Pocket PC 2000 Pocket PC 2002 Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC N/A Windows Mobile 2003 SE for Pocket PC Windows Mobile 5.0 for Pocket PC N/A Windows Mobile 6 Classic

Pocket PC (With Mobile Phone) Pocket PC 2000 Phone Edition Pocket PC 2002 Phone Edition Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Phone Edition N/A Windows Mobile 2003 SE for Pocket PC Phone Edition Windows Mobile 5.0 for Pocket PC Phone Edition N/A Windows Mobile 6 Professional

Smartphone N/A Smartphone 2002 Windows Mobile 2003 for Smartphone N/A Windows Mobile 2003 SE for Smartphone Windows Mobile 5.0 for Smartphone N/A Windows Mobile 6 Standard

Portable Media Center N/A N/A N/A Windows Mobile software for Portable Media Centers N/A N/A N/A N/A

Automobile N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Windows Mobile for Automotive 1.0 N/A

Software development

Third-party software development is available for the Windows Mobile operating system. There are several options for developers to use when deploying a mobile application. This includes writing native code with [[Visual C++]], writing Managed code that works with the .NET Compact Framework, or Server-side code that can be deployed using Internet Explorer Mobile on the user's device.

Microsoft typically releases Windows Mobile Software development kits (SDKs) that work in conjunction with their Visual Studio development environment. These SDKs include emulator images for developers to test and debug their applications while writing them.

Prior to the release of Windows Mobile 2003, third-party software development was done with the use of Microsoft's eMbedded Visual Tools.[27]

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Microsoft-მა საბოლოოდ გამოუშვა მობილური მოწყობილობების ოპერაციული სისტემის Windows Mobile მე-6 ვერსია. Windows Mobile 6 ვიზუალურად ძალიან გავს Windows Vista-ს. ახალი სისტემა გამოვა სამი ვერსიის სახით, სხვადასხვა ტიპის მოწყობილობებისთვის. მას ექნება გაძლიერებული დაცვის მეთოდები და Internet Explorer-ის მუშაობის გაზრდილი სიჩქარე.

დეველოპერებმა ახალ ვერსიაში დაამატეს ისეთი ფუნქციები, რომლებიც აქამდე მხოლოდ პერსონალურ კომპიუტერზე იყო ხელმისაწვდომი. Windows Mobile 6-ის ოფიციალური პრეზენტაცია ორშაბათს, ბარსელონაში, 3GSM-ის მსოფლიო კონგრესზე გაიმართება. როგორც უკვე ავღნიშნეთ, Crossbow სამუშაო სახელით ცნობილი სისტემა ვიზუალურად Microsoft-ის უკანასკნელ Windows-ს, Vista-ს ემგვანება - განახლებული პანელებით, ღილაკებით და სამგანზომილებიანი ხატულებით.

ახალ პლატფორმას წინასგან განსხვავებით ბევრად გაუმჯობესებული მახასიათებლები გააჩნია.

მომხმარებლებს უკვე შეეძლებათ საკუთარ მობილურ მოწყობილობებში HTML ფორმატით მიღებული ელფოსტა მთელი ფორმატირების დაცვით წაიკითხონ. WM6-ში ასევე ჩაშენებული იქნება მესინჯერი Windows Live, რომელიც საშუალებას მოგვცემს ერთდროულად რამოდენიმე ადრესატს გადაუგზავნოთ არამარტო ტექსტური შეტყობინებები, არამედ ნებისმიერი სახის ფაილები, ფოტოები და ასევე ჩაწერილი ხმოვანი შეტყობინებები.

ახალ ოპერაციულ სისტემას აგრეთვე მოყვება მობილური ოფისის ახალი ვერსიის პროგრამები: Outlook, Word, Excel და PowerPoint.

შემქმნელებმა უსაფრთხოების კუთხითაც შემოგვთავაზეს სიახლეები. ისეთი, როგორიცაა, მაგალითად, დაცვა მოწყობილობის მოპარვის ან დაკარგვის შემთხვევაში, მონაცემების დაშიფრვა და ინფორმაციის დაშორებული წაშლა.

ახალ სისტემაში განხორციელდა ბევრი ცვლილება, რომლებიც MS Exchange 2007-ისთვის ოპტიმიზაციისკენაა მიმართული. პლატფორმა შეიცავს .NET Compact Framework-ისა და SQL Server-ის ახალ ვერსიებს, ასევე VoIP-ის მხარდაჭერას და ინსტრუმენტს Smart Dial 2.0 კონტაქტებში და ზარების ჟურნალში მოხერხებული ძებნისათვის.

ტექნოლოგია Direct Push-ის შემოღების შემდეგ მოხდება კალენდარის და კონტაქტების ავტომატური სინქრონიზაცია Outlook Mobile-დან Exchange Server-ის საშუალებით. ასევე დაგეგმილია Internet Explorer-ის მუშაობის სიჩქარის 30%-ით გაზრდა.

Windows Mobile 6 გამოვა 3 სხვადასხვა პაკეტად, სხვადასხვა ტიპის მობილური მოწყობილობებისთვის (Classic, Standard და Professional). სავარაუდოდკ, Standard ვერსია გათვალისწინებული იქნება სმარტფონებისთვის. მოწყობილობები Windows Mobile 6-ით ბაზარზე 2007 წლის მეორე კვარტალში გამოჩნდება.

სისტემის მინუსებიდან აღსანიშნავია Internet Explorer-ის რამოდენიმე ფანჯრის გახსნის შეუძლებლობა - ერთდროულად მხოლოდ ერთ ფანჯარაში მუშაობა იქნება შესაძლებელი. ასევე ნაკლია ის, რომ პლატფორმის მულტიმედია-შესაძლებლობებს ფაქტიურად არანაირი ცვლილება არ განუცდიათ.

Microsoft-ის გათვლებით, Windows Mobile პლატფორმაზე მომუშავე მობილური მოწყობილობების გაყიდვები მიმდინარე ფინანსურ წელიწადს, რომელიც 2007 წლის შუა პერიოდში დასრულდება, გაორმაგდება. თუმცა მობილური პროგრამული უზრუნველყოფის ბაზარზე, სადაც ლიდერი Symbian და Nokia-ა, Microsoft მხოლოდ მოკრძალებულ წილს ფლობს. მიუხედავად ამისა, ბრიტანულმა ოპერატორმა Vodafone სწორედ Windows Mobile 6 აირჩია ხანგრძლივვადიანი თანამშრომლობისთვის.

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ვაო აქაც გაიცითა ჩემი საყვარელი ოს-ი

მალე აქაც შემოგიერთდებით

აბა ვინდოუსნიკებო ვიმრავო\ლოთ და ვიხალისოთ :)

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ჯერ ვინდოუსი არ გამომიცვლია
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